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The longest endurance race going on currently is the Mongol Derby, which stretches for a ridiculous 1, kilometers. All breeds are welcome for these types of races, but Arabian horses tend to be popular, due to their elite stamina and endurance.
There are also races where the horse is responsible for more than just its own weight and a jockey. In harness racing, horses pull a sulky, and race a specific trot or pace.
The goal is for the horses to trot or pace at the predetermined speed, without breaking stride. Horses are penalized for galloping by being forced to slow down behind the competition.
Horses are entered into this prestigious event based on lifetime earnings, and compete for a prize upwards of 1 million euros.
A less popular type of horse racing is quarter horse racing, which puts an extreme emphasis on speed. Quarter horse races refer to a quarter of a mile or less, which challenges faster breeds of horses to compete and win on very short tracks.
There are two ways to look at horse racing types. One is the actual track, the obstacles, and distance a race deals with.
The other is what type of horse is allowed in the race and what is at stake. It can be bought or "claimed" out of the race for this price.
If someone wants to claim the horse , he must put in a request before the race. He becomes the new owner of the horse after the race regardless of whether the horse wins or finishes last.
The original owner gets the purse or winnings if the horse finishes in the money, and the new owner gets the horse — even it is injured or dies in the race.
About half of all races run in North America are claiming races, so these are the horses you'll see most often at a track. Claiming races come in a wide array of classes based on the prices of the horses.
The highest level is the optional claimer and these prices are often quite high. Horses can be entered to be claimed or not claimed at the owner's discretion.
Pacers must have their front and back foot on the same side of their body hit at the same time each step. What that ultimately means is that harness races tend to be slower than Thoroughbred races.
But because of the sulkies and the general similarities in speed levels, harness races tend to be contested very tightly.
That means the closing portion, or stretch run, of a harness race often is an extremely close battle with less decisive winners than in the Thoroughbred game.
Also, a Thoroughbred race usually generates from a stationery starting gate. Because the harness bikes need some momentum to reach top speed, harness races are generally started by a moving gate attached to a car or other vehicle.
Steeplechasing can sometimes be referred to as jump racing or, in the United Kingdom, national hunt racing although nothing is being hunted except the finish line.
It is not nearly as widespread as Thoroughbred or harness racing, although there are some areas of the world, such as the UK, where it still possesses undoubtedly impressive popularity.
The basic distinguishing characteristic of this sport is that horses must, at various points during the race, jump over obstacles on their way to the finish line.
The Grand National in Liverpool, England, is an example of a steeplechase that continues to draw spectator and betting interest that matches the likes of any major Thoroughbred or harness race.
In many areas of the world, concerns about horses being injured during the jumps have curtailed the popularity of this style.
Steeplechase horses can sometimes be bred specifically for that purpose, while, in some cases, they can also be Thoroughbreds simply trained for the jumps.
There are other breeds of horses that ride with jockeys on their backs but are not Thoroughbreds. Arabians are horses that are better for longer distances such as endurance, but they sometimes race at Thoroughbred venues as well.
Quarter Horses are bred for speed races, which often are contested at a quarter of a mile or less at tracks designed specifically for these races.
Although there might be subtle differences in terms of types of bets surrounding the various styles of horse races and the regions in which they are held, the mechanisms for betting are pretty similar throughout the entire realm.
The easiest way to bet is to go to a horse racing track. At most tracks, you can bet not only on the races held there but also at tracks elsewhere in the country and world.
There are off-track betting facilities that can help you place bets, or, in some areas, licensed bookmakers, if you are not at the track in question.
But these days, with the advent of the internet, horse racing betting sites are easily accessible.
However, it wasn't until the s that modern horse racing involving betting developed. The nation's first authorised club, the Chosun Racing Club, was established in and a year later, the pari-mutuel betting system was officially adopted for the first time.
The Korean War disrupted the development of horse racing in the country, but after the Seoul Olympics in , the Olympic Equestrian Park was converted into racing facilities named Seoul Race Park , which helped the sport to develop again.
The Dubai World Cup is once again the world's richest horse race. The Pegasus World Cup had its purse reduced in to make room for a new turf race.
The Meydan Racecourse in Dubai, reported to be the world's largest race track, opened on March 27, for the Dubai World Cup race. The race track complex contains two tracks with seating for 60,, a hotel, restaurants, theater and museum.
There is no parimutuel betting in the UAE as gambling is illegal. In Argentina the sport is known as turf. Some of the most famous racers are Irineo Leguisamo , Vilmar Sanguinetti, Marina Lezcano, Jorge Valdivieso, Pablo Falero and Jorge Ricardo.
Carlos Gardel's tango Por una cabeza is about horse racing, a sport of which he was a known fan. Gardel was a good friend of Irineo Leguisamo , who is the most recognized Argentine jockey.
At many horse races, there is a gambling station, where gamblers can stake money on a horse. Gambling on horses is prohibited at some tracks; Springdale Race Course, home of the nationally renowned Toronto-Dominion Bank TD Bank Carolina Cup and Colonial Cup Steeplechase in Camden, South Carolina , is known as one of the tracks where betting is illegal, due to a law.
Where gambling is allowed, most tracks offer parimutuel betting where gamblers' money is pooled and shared proportionally among the winners once a deduction is made from the pool.
In some countries, such as the UK, Ireland, and Australia, an alternative and more popular facility is provided by bookmakers who effectively make a market in odds.
This allows the gambler to 'lock in' odds on a horse at a particular time known as 'taking the price' in the UK. Anna Waller, a member of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of North Carolina, co-authored a four-year-long study of jockey injuries and stated to The New York Times that "For every 1, jockeys you have riding [for one year], over will have medically treated injuries.
The study reported 6, injuries during the years — Horses also face dangers in racing. The U. Jockey Club in New York estimates that about horses died at racetracks in Another estimates there are deaths annual in the US.
There is speculation that drugs used in horse racing in the United States, which are banned elsewhere, are responsible for the higher death rate in the United States.
In the Canadian province of Ontario , a study of 1, racehorse deaths between and found that the majority of deaths were attributable to "damage during exercise to the horses' musculoskeletal system ", including fractures, dislocations, and tendon ruptures.
The study also found that the incidence of off-track deaths were twice as high for thoroughbreds.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Horse race disambiguation. Equestrian sport. Horse racing at Golden Gate Fields , Main articles: National Hunt racing , Steeplechase horse racing , and Hurdling horse race.
Main article: Harness racing. Main article: Endurance riding. Further information: Horse breeding. Main article: Thoroughbred.
Main article: Standardbred. Main article: Arabian horse. Main article: American Quarter Horse. See also: Horse racing in the United States.
See also: List of French flat horse races , Category:Horse racing in France , and French flat racing Champion Jockey. Main article: Horseracing in Great Britain.
See also: Horseracing in Scotland and Horseracing in Wales. Main article: Horse racing in Ireland. See also: List of horse races in Italy.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
February Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Harness racing in Sweden. Main articles: Thoroughbred racing in Australia and Harness racing in Australia.
Main articles: Thoroughbred racing in New Zealand and Harness racing in New Zealand. Main article: Horse racing in India.
Main article: Horseracing in Japan. Main article: Horseracing in the Philippines. Main article: Horse racing in South Korea. Horses portal Sports portal.
Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 6 May International Federation of Horse Racing Authorities.
Archived from the original on Retrieved Official Horse Picks. Become a Winner Claiming Thoroughbred Race Horses. Retrieved 12 September The Jockey Club and Its Founders: In Three Periods.
Smith, Elder. Fletcher The history of the St. Leger stakes, — The Horse Racing Channel. Archived from the original on 11 July The Hambletonian Society.
Harness Racing New Zealand". These top-level handicaps are rated as Class 2 handicaps; the lower the ratings band of horses who can compete, the lower the grade of handicap, the lowest being Class 7.
Jumps horses compete from the age of three, with many starting later than that. Jump racing also known as National Hunt racing can be easily separated into five divisions:.
National Hunt Flat races — commonly known as bumpers, these are for horses bred for jump racing. No obstacles are jumped and the races are seen as a building block to a future career over hurdles or fences.
Novice hurdling — Horses who begin the season having not won a hurdles race can compete in novice hurdles until the end of the season where they pick up their first hurdles win.
Hurdling — Horses can compete over hurdles in open company, racing in either Graded, handicap or selling company.
Novice chasing — Similar to the novice hurdle division, the novice chasing division is for horses who begin the season without a win specifically over fences.
The Classic British races in order are as follows: 2, Guineas Stakes — Takes place at Newmarket racecourse in May and is the first leg of the Triple Crown.
This is a one-mile race primarily for 3-year-old colts. However, the Guineas caters for 3-year-old and older fillies only.
Along with Epsom Oaks and St. Leger Stakes, it forms as part of the Fillies Triple Crown. This race counts as the middle leg of what is referred to as the Fillies Triple Crown.
Epsom Derby — One of the most renowned national sporting events, the Epsom Derby race is considered to be the richest race of the five classic races.
This is a one-mile four-furlong race for 3-year-old colts and fillies. Leger Stakes — Takes place each year at Doncaster racecourse in September as the final race for the Triple Crown competition.
The race takes place over one mile for 3-year-old colts and fillies. Group Races A popular option for spectators and bettors is the group races also referred to as graded races.
Group 1 The most important and highly regarded of the group races is the first category group 1 races which test class. Each horse that competes is required to partake with level weights.
Group 2 and 3 The group 2 and group 3 races are still considered a highlight on the racing calendar, however, fall just below group 1 in consideration of quality.
Jump Racing Jump racing also known as National Hunt the official name racing tests the jumping ability of each horse and their stamina. Jump racing is separated into 5 divisions; The National Hunt Specifically for horses bred for jump racing.Further information: Horse breeding. Any horse who takes these events among others is immediately Real Madrid Copa Del Rey for obtaining a big win. Although certain pages within Gamblingsites. One thing that is a similarity between just about every style of horse racing is the fact that betting acts as a Estland Steuern part of the lure for people watching. New York Times. The industry was severely limited during the Communist era, when gambling, the major source of funding, was made illegal. A takeout, or "take", is Dating Portal Sex from Das Pferdespiel betting pool and distributed according to state law, among the state, race track and horsemen. Claiming races come in a wide array of classes based on the prices of the horses. Horse racing bettors have a firm handle on these distinctions, which helps them to determine how to bet. There are three grades assigned by the Graded Stakes Committee : Grades 1, 2, or 3 with Grade 1 being the highest caliber. Harness Racing Although it might not garner the prestige of Thoroughbred racing, harness racing can boast of impressive history, spectator interest, and betting money of its own.